Article: Assessing the performance of pepper spray in use-of-force encounters: the Dutch experience, Policing, July 2006

Authors: Otto M.J. Adang, Robert J. Kaminski, Megan Q. Howell, Jos Mensink In: Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management Year: 2006 Volume: 29 Issue: 2 Page: 282 - 305

This paper examines potential correlates of the effectiveness of oleoresin capsicum (OC) or pepper spray and police officer satisfaction with its performance during use-of-force encounters. This is one of very few studies to use multiple-regression to examine correlates of OC effectiveness and officer satisfaction, and it expands upon the prior literature by including additional measures of OC performance.

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